manual_4100.pdf

Re: SpeedStream 4100 - najnowszy firmware

Ja używam firmware od Tiscali. Speedstream 4101 Nie bardzo pamiętam które to właściwe firmware... :) Tak na marginesie, na firmware od tpsa też powinieneś skonfigurować neostradę lub inną usługę. Trzeba tylko zrestartować router do ustawień fabrycznych: To reset the Router: 1. Using the tip of a ballpoint pen or unfolded paperclip, press and hold the Reset button located on the bottom of the router. The pwr LED will blink red once, indicating that the reset has begun. 2. Continue depressing the Reset button for four seconds or until the pwr LED begins to blink alternating red-to-green. 3. Release the Reset button.


SpeedStream(R)
Router
User's Guide
Models 4100 and 4200

Part No. 007-4035-001

(C) Copyright 2004, Siemens Subscriber Network.
All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A.
Product names mentioned herein may be trademarks and/or registered trademarks of their respective companies. Siemens Subscriber Networks shall
not be liable for technical or editorial errors or omissions in this document; nor for incidental or consequential damages resulting from the furnishing,
performance, or use of this material.

Siemens Subscriber Networks - End User Software License and Limited Warranty
INSTALLATION OF THE HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE PROVIDED BY SIEMENS SUBSCRIBER NETWORKS (SSN) CONSTITUTES
ACCEPTANCE BY YOU OF THE TERMS OF THE FOLLOWING SOFTWARE LICENSE AND LIMITED WARRANTY. IF YOU DO NOT ACCEPT
THESE TERMS, PLEASE RETURN THE HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE IN ITS ORIGINAL PACKAGING TO THE STORE OR OTHER VENDOR
FROM WHICH YOU PURCHASED IT FOR A FULL REFUND OF THE PURCHASE PRICE.
The following describes your license to use the software (the "Software") that has been provided with your SSN DSL customer premises equipment
("Hardware") and the limited warranty that SSN provides on its Software and Hardware.
Software License
The Software is protected by copyright laws and international copyright treaties. The Software is licensed and not sold to you. Accordingly, while you
own the media (CD ROM or floppy disk) on which the Software is recorded, SSN retains ownership of the Software itself.
1. Grant of License. You may install and use one (and only one) copy of the Software on the computer on which the Hardware is being installed. If the
Hardware is being installed on a network, you may install the Software on the network server or other server-side device on which the Hardware is
being installed and onto the client-side devices connected to the network as necessary.
2. Restrictions. The license granted is a limited license. You may NOT: sublicense, assign, or distribute copies of the Software to others; decompile,
reverse engineer, disassemble or otherwise reduce the Software or any part thereof to a human perceivable form; modify, adapt, translate or create
derivative works based upon the Software or any part thereof; or rent, lease, loan or otherwise operate for profit the Software.
3. Transfer. You may transfer the Software only where you are also transferring the Hardware. In such cases, you must remove all copies of the
Software from any devices onto which you have installed it, and must ensure that the party to whom you transfer the Hardware receives this License
Agreement and Limited Warranty.
4. Upgrades Covered. This license covers the Software originally provided to you with the Hardware, and any additional software that you may
receive from SSN, whether delivered via tangible media (CD ROM or floppy disk), down loaded from SSN or delivered through customer support. Any
such additional software shall be considered "Software" for all purposes under this License.
5. Export Law Assurance. You acknowledge that the Software may be subject to export control laws and regulations of the U.S.A. You confirm that
you will not export or re-export the Software to any countries that are subject to export restrictions.
6. No Other Rights Granted. Other than the limited license expressly granted herein, no license, whether express or implied, by estoppel or
otherwise, is granted to any copyright, patent, trademark, trade secret, or other proprietary rights of SSN.
7. Termination. Without limiting SSN's other rights, SSN may terminate this license if you fail to comply with any of these provisions. Upon termination,
you must destroy the Software and all copies thereof.
Limited Warranty
The following limited warranties provided by SSN extend to the original end user of the Hardware/licensee of the Software and are not assignable or
transferable to any subsequent purchaser/licensee.
1. Hardware. SSN warrants that the Hardware will be free from defects in materials and workmanship and will perform substantially in compliance with
the user documentation relating to the Hardware for a period of one year from the date the original end user received the Hardware.
2. Software. SSN warrants that the Software will perform substantially in compliance with the end user documentation provided with the Hardware and
Software for a period of ninety days from the date the original end user received the Hardware and Software. The end user is responsible for the
selection of hardware and software used in the end user's systems. Given the wide range of third-party hardware and applications, SSN does not
warrant the compatibility or uninterrupted or error free operation of our Software with the end user's system.
3. Exclusive Remedy. Your exclusive remedy and SSN's exclusive obligation for breach of this limited warranty is, in SSN's sole option, either (a) a
refund of the purchase price paid for the Hardware/Software or (b) repair or replacement of the Hardware/Software with new or remanufactured
products. Any replacement Hardware or Software will be warranted for the remainder of the original warranty period or thirty (30) days, which ever is
longer.
4. Warranty Procedures. If a problem develops during the limited warranty period, the end user shall follow the procedure outlined below:
A. Prior to returning a product under this warranty, the end user must first call SSN at (888) 286-9375, or send an email to SSN at
support.ssn@siemens.com to obtain a return materials authorization (RMA) number. RMAs are issued between 8:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. Central Time,
excluding weekends and holidays. The end user must provide the serial number(s) of the products in order to obtain an RMA.
B. After receiving an RMA, the end user shall ship the product, including power supplies and cable, where applicable, freight or postage prepaid and
insured, to SSN at 4849 Alpha Road, Dallas Texas 75244, U.S.A. Within five (5) days notice from SSN, the end user shall provide SSN with any
missing items or, at SSN's sole option, SSN will either (a) replace missing items and charge the end user or (b) return the product to the end user
freight collect. The end user shall include a return address, daytime telephone number and/or fax. The RMA number must be clearly marked on the
outside of the package.
C. Returned Products will be tested upon receipt by SSN. Products that pass all functional tests will be returned to the end user.
D. SSN will return the repaired or replacement Product to the end user at the address provided by the end user at SSN's expense. For Products
shipped within the United States of America, SSN will use reasonable efforts to ensure delivery within five (5) business days from the date received by
SSN. Expedited service is available at additional cost to the end user.
E. Upon request from SSN, the end user must prove the date of the original purchase of the product by a dated bill of sale or dated itemized receipt.
5.Limitations.
The end user shall have no coverage or benefits under this limited warranty if the product has been subject to abnormal use, abnormal conditions,
improper storage, exposure to moisture or dampness, unauthorized modifications, unauthorized repair, misuse, neglect, abuse, accident, alteration,
improper installation, or other acts which are not the fault of SSN, including acts of nature and damage caused by shipping.

SSN will not honor, and will consider the warranty voided, if: (1) the seal or serial number on the Product have been tampered with; (2) the Product's
case has been opened; or (3) there has been any attempted or actual repair or modification of the Product by anyone other than an SSN authorized
service provider.
The limited warranty does not cover defects in appearance, cosmetic, decorative or structural items, including framing, and any non-operative parts.
SSN's limit of liability under the limited warranty shall be the actual cash value of the product at the time the end user returns the product for repair,
determined by the price paid by the end user for the product less a reasonable amount for usage. SSN shall not be liable for any other losses or
damages.
The end user will be billed for any parts or labor charges not covered by this limited warranty. The end user will be responsible for any expenses
related to reinstallation of the product.
THIS LIMITED WARRANTY IS THE ONLY WARRANTY SSN MAKES FOR THE PRODUCT AND SOFTWARE. TO THE EXTENT ALLOWED BY
LAW, NO OTHER WARRANTY APPLIES, WHETHER EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING ANY WARRANTY OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
6. Out of Warranty Repair. Out of warranty repair is available for fixed fee. Please contact SSN at the numbers provided above to determine the
current out of warranty repair rate. End users seeking out of warranty repair should contact SSN as described above to obtain an RMA and to arrange
for payment of the repair charge. All shipping charges will be billed to the end user.
General Provisions
The following general provisions apply to the foregoing Software License and Limited Warranty:
1. No Modification. The foregoing limited warranty is the end user's sole and exclusive remedy and is in lieu of all other warranties, express or
implied. No oral or written information or advice given by SSN or its dealers, distributors, employees or agents shall in any way extend, modify or add
to the foregoing Software License and Limited Warranty. This Software License and Limited Warranty constitutes the entire agreement between SSN
and the end user, and supersedes all prior and contemporaneous representation, agreements or understandings, oral or written. This Software License
and Limited Warranty may not be changed or amended except by a written instrument executed by a duly authorized officer of SSN.
SSN neither assumes nor authorizes any authorized service center or any other person or entity to assume for it any other obligation or liability beyond
that which is expressly provided for in this limited warranty including the provider or seller of any extended warranty or service agreement.
The limited warranty period for SSN supplied attachments and accessories is specifically defined within their own warranty cards and packaging.
2. EXCLUSION OF INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL AND CERTAIN OTHER DAMAGES. TO THE FULL EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, IN NO
EVENT SHALL SSN BE LIABLE, WHETHER UNDER CONTRACT, WARRANTY, TORT OR ANY OTHER THEORY OF LAW FOR ANY SPECIAL,
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES WHATSOEVER, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF PROFITS,
BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, PERSONAL INJURY, LOSS OR IMPAIRMENT OF DATA OR BUSINESS INFORMATION, EVEN IF SSN HAS BEEN
NOTIFIED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. SSN'S LIABILITY TO YOU (IF ANY) FOR ACTUAL DIRECT DAMAGES FOR ANY CAUSE
WHATSOEVER, AND REGARDLESS OF THE FORM OF THE ACTION, WILL BE LIMITED TO, AND SHALL NOT EXCEED, THE AMOUNT PAID
FOR THE HARDWARE/SOFTWARE.
3. General. This Software License and Limited Warranty will be covered by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of Texas, United
States (excluding conflicts of laws rules), and shall inure to the benefit of SSN and its successor, assignees and legal representatives. If any provision
of this Software License and Limited Warranty is held by a court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid or unenforceable to any extent under applicable
law, that provision will be enforced to the maximum extent permissible, and the remaining provisions of this Software License and Limited Warranty will
remain in full force and effect. Any notices or other communications to be sent to SSN must be mailed by certified mail to the following address:
Siemens Subscriber Networks
4849 Alpha Road
Dallas, TX 75244
U.S.A.
Attn: Customer Service

Contents
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................... 3
Features of the SpeedStream(R) Router ............................................................................................... 3
Network (LAN) Features .................................................................................................................. 3
Security Features ............................................................................................................................. 3
Configuration & Management .......................................................................................................... 4
Advanced Router Functions ............................................................................................................ 4
Minimum System Requirements ........................................................................................................ 4
General Safety Guidelines .................................................................................................................. 4
PHYSICAL INSTALLATION......................................................................................................................... 5
Minimum System Requirements ........................................................................................................ 5
Hardware Installation........................................................................................................................... 5
Basic Installation Procedure ............................................................................................................ 5
Installing Line Filters ........................................................................................................................ 6
Connecting Cables .......................................................................................................................... 7
OPERATING SYSTEM CONFIGURATION ................................................................................................. 9
Check TCP/IP Protocol Settings ......................................................................................................... 9
Checking TCP/IP Settings (Windows 9x/ME) ................................................................................ 10
Checking TCP/IP Settings (Windows 2000) .................................................................................. 11
Checking TCP/IP Settings (Windows XP) ..................................................................................... 12
Checking TCP/IP Settings (MAC OS 8.6 through 9.x) .................................................................. 13
Checking TCP/IP Settings (MAC OSX) ......................................................................................... 14
Internet Access Configuration ......................................................................................................... 15
For Windows 9x/2000 .................................................................................................................... 15
For Windows XP ............................................................................................................................ 15
SPEEDSTREAM ROUTER SETUP ........................................................................................................... 16
Before Configuring the Router ......................................................................................................... 16
Connecting to the Router .................................................................................................................. 17
Selecting PPP Connection............................................................................................................. 18
PPP Login ...................................................................................................................................... 19
Home Window .................................................................................................................................... 20
CONFIGURING USER PROFILES ............................................................................................................ 21
Add User Profiles ............................................................................................................................... 21
Editing User Profiles.......................................................................................................................... 24
Deleting User Profiles........................................................................................................................ 24
CONFIGURING ISP CONNECTION SETTINGS ....................................................................................... 25
WAN Interface .................................................................................................................................... 25
Host ..................................................................................................................................................... 26
DHCP ................................................................................................................................................... 27
Static Routes ...................................................................................................................................... 29
RFC2684 .............................................................................................................................................. 30
CONFIGURING NETWORK SETTINGS .................................................................................................... 31
RIP (Routing Information Protocol) ................................................................................................ 32
Port Forwarding ............................................................................................................................. 33
UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) .................................................................................................... 34
Bridge Mode................................................................................................................................... 35
Server Ports ................................................................................................................................... 36

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Contents

Dynamic DNS ................................................................................................................................ 37
CONFIGURING SECURITY FEATURES ................................................................................................... 38
Admin User .................................................................................................................................... 39
Time Client .......................................................................................................................................... 40
NAT/NAPT Server ............................................................................................................................... 41
Firewall ................................................................................................................................................ 42
Level .............................................................................................................................................. 43
Snooze ........................................................................................................................................... 44
DMZ ............................................................................................................................................... 45
Filter Rules ..................................................................................................................................... 46
Log....................................................................................................................................................... 52
ADS...................................................................................................................................................... 53
MONITORING ROUTER HEALTH ............................................................................................................. 55
Status and Statistics.......................................................................................................................... 55
System Summary .......................................................................................................................... 56
System Log .................................................................................................................................... 56
Diagnostics ......................................................................................................................................... 59
Tools.................................................................................................................................................... 60
Interface Map ................................................................................................................................. 60
Reboot ........................................................................................................................................... 61
Update ........................................................................................................................................... 62
TROUBLESHOOTING................................................................................................................................ 63
Basic Troubleshooting Steps ........................................................................................................... 63
Interpreting the LED Display............................................................................................................. 64
Resolving Specific Issues ................................................................................................................. 65
POST Failure (red pwr LED).......................................................................................................... 65
Contacting Technical Support .......................................................................................................... 66
FIREWALL SECURITY LEVELS ............................................................................................................... 67

ii

1

Chapter 1

Introduction

Congratulations on the purchase of the SpeedStream(R) Router with SecureRouteTM SpeedStream(R) Router
(Router) is a powerful yet simple communication device for connecting your computer or local area
network (LAN) to the Internet. This manual covers the SpeedStream models 4100 and 4200.

SpeedStream 4100 (Ethernet)

SpeedStream 4200 (Ethernet and USB)

Features of the SpeedStream(R) Router
Your Router provides high-speed Internet and corporate network access to homes, networked home
offices, and small offices. In addition, if you are working from a branch office, the Router provides a fast
and effective means of communicating over a remote LAN with the main office. The Router can also be
used to connect the corporate LAN to the Internet over the WAN.

Network (LAN) Features
o Ethernet Switch
Ethernet connectivity (all models) to the Internet or network through a network interface card (NIC),
providing full 10/100 megabits per second (Mbps) bandwidth to the port.
o USB Connection
Universal Serial Bus (USB) connection (4200 model) providing added flexibility for connecting your
computer via the Ethernet or USB port.
o Support of G.lite and Full-Rate DsL
Ensures compatibility with most DSL networks.

Security Features
o Password-protected Configuration
Password protection prevents unauthorized users from modifying the Router's configuration settings.
o Firewall Security
Firewall security with four conveniently pre-set standard levels of security (Off, Low, Medium, High), an
ICSA-compliant mode, and a custom setting for advanced users.
o NAT Protection
Network Address Port Translation (NAPT) and a secure firewall to protect your data while your
computer is connected to the Internet.
o Stateful Inspection Firewall
All incoming data packets are monitored and all incoming server requests are filtered, thus protecting
your network from malicious attacks from external sources.
o Attack Protection System
Attacks can flood your Internet connection with invalid data packets and connection requests, using so
much bandwidth and so many resources that Internet access becomes unavailable. The Router
incorporates protection against these types of attacks as well as other common hacker attacks.

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4100/4200 Router User's Guide

Introduction

o Virtual Private Network
Virtual Private Network allows remote users to establish a secure connection to a corporate network
by setting pass-through of the three most commonly used VPN protocols: PPTP, L2TP, and IPSec.

Configuration & Management
o Easy Setup
Use your Web browser for quick and easy configuration.
o UPnP Support
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) allows automatic discovery and configuration of the SpeedStream
Router. UPnP is supported by Windows Me, XP, or later, operating systems.

Advanced Router Functions
o DMZ
One computer on your local network can be configured to allow unrestricted two-way communication
with servers or individual users on the Internet. This provides the ability to run programs that are
incompatible with firewalls.
o Port Forwarding
Port Forwarding provides flexibility by allowing you to change internal IP addresses without affecting
outside access to your network.
o Session Tracking
Some protocols, such as FTP, require secondary network connections on ports other than the main
control port. These connections are usually made using port numbers in the dynamic range ( & gt; 1024).
The firewall allows traffic on secondary sessions without manual configuration.

Minimum System Requirements
At a minimum, your computer must be equipped with the following to successfully install the Router. Your
Internet Service Provider may have additional requirements for use of their service.
o Ethernet connection method
-

A network interface card (NIC) that supports Ethernet 10/100Base-T full-/half-duplex.

-

Operating system that supports TCP/IP.

-

Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator versions 5.0 or later.

o USB connection method
-

32 MB RAM

-

Pentium-compatible 166 MHz processor (or faster).

-

12 MB available hard disk space.

-

Windows 98 or later operating system.

General Safety Guidelines
When using the SpeedStream Router, observe the following safety guidelines:
o Never install telephone wiring during a storm.
o Avoid using a telephone during an electrical storm. Lightening increases the risk of electrical shock.
o Do not install telephone jacks in wet locations and never use the product near water.
o Do not exceed the maximum power load ratings for the product.

4

2

Chapter 2

Physical Installation
This chapter covers the physical installation of the SpeedStream Router.

Minimum System Requirements
o DSL service and an Internet access account from an Internet Service Provider (ISP).
o Network cables for the device you intend to connect to the Router. Use standard CAT5 Ethernet
cables with RJ45 connectors.
o TCP/IP network protocol must be installed on all computers.
o For USB connection to the Router, the following operating systems are supported (if your Router
model supports USB):
-

Windows 98, 98SE

-

Windows 2000

-

Windows ME or XP

- Mac OS versions 8.6 through 10.2.4
Note: Your configuration may vary slightly from the instructions and illustrations in this chapter. Refer to
your service provider's documentation, or contact them with questions regarding your specific
configuration.

Hardware Installation
You may position the SpeedStream Router at any convenient location in your office or home. No special
wiring or cooling requirements are needed; however, you should comply with the safety guidelines
specified in the General Safety Guidelines section.

Basic Installation Procedure
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Install line filters if necessary.
Connect the cables.
Install USB drivers if necessary.
Configure network settings on your computer.
Configure the Router via the Web-based management interface.
Reboot the computer if prompted. Whenever you are required to reboot the Router, allow five
seconds between turning off the unit and powering it back on.

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4100/4200 Router User's Guide

Installation

Installing Line Filters
Because DSL shares your telephone line, you may need to separate the two signals so they do not
interfere with each other. A line filter (may be included with some models) prevents DSL traffic from
disrupting the voice signal on the telephone line, and vice versa. Follow the procedures below to install
line filters on any device (telephones, fax machines, caller ID boxes) that shares the same telephone line
with your DSL. (Note, this section may not apply to you. Consult your provider if you are unsure.)
There are two types of filters to connect between the telephone and the wall plate:
o

In-line filter: For use with standard desktop telephones.

o

Wall-mount filter: For use with wall-mounted telephones.

DSL performance may be significantly degraded if the line filters are not installed in the correct direction,
as illustrated below.
In-Line Filter
For each device sharing the same telephone line:

1.

Unplug the device's cord from the telephone jack.

2.

Plug the filter into the telephone jack.

3.

Plug the telephone cord (or other device cord) into the
filter.

Wall-Mount Filter
For a wall-mounted telephone, install a wall mount filter:

1. Remove the telephone.
2.

Connect the wall mount filter to the wall plate.

3.

Reconnect the telephone.

6

4100/4200 Router User's Guide

Installation

Connecting Cables
The Router provides ports for either a USB or an Ethernet connection to your primary computer. Select
the interface you will use to connect the Router, and follow the step-by-step instructions below for your
chosen installation method.

Ethernet Installation Method
To connect the SpeedStream Router via the Ethernet interface, your
computer must have an Ethernet adapter (also called a network interface
card, or "NIC") installed.
If your computer does not have this adapter, install it before proceeding
further. Refer to your Ethernet adapter documentation for complete
installation instructions.
1. Connect the Ethernet cable(s)
1) With your computer powered off, connect the Ethernet
cable to an Ethernet port (1-4) on the Router.
2) Connect the other end of the Ethernet cable to the
Ethernet port on your computer.
3) If desired, use standard 10/100 CAT5 Ethernet cables
to connect additional computers to the remaining
Ethernet ports on the Router.

2. Connect the DSL cable
1) Connect the DSL cable (resembles a telephone cord) to the DSL port on the Router.
2) Plug the other end of the DSL cable into the phone jack.
3. Connect the power
1) Connect the power adapter to the rear of the Router.
2) Plug the power adapter into the electrical wall outlet.
3) Flip the power switch to power on the SpeedStream Router.
4) Power on all connected computers.
4. Check the LEDs
1) For each active Ethernet connection, the LAN Link LED for the corresponding port number should
be lit.
2) The DSL and Power LEDs should be lit.
When using the Ethernet installation method, you do not have to install any software. Refer to your
Internet Service Provider's instructions for installing their software and/or connecting to the Internet. You
can now configure the TCP/IP settings as detailed in Chapter 3, Operating System Configuration.

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4100/4200 Router User's Guide

Installation

USB Installation Method (Microsoft Windows)
1. Connect the USB Cable
1) With your computer off, connect the provided USB cable to
the USB port on the Router.
2) Connect the other end of the USB cable to an open USB
port on your computer.
3) If desired, use standard 10/100 CAT5 Ethernet cables to
connect additional computers to the Ethernet ports on the
Router.

2. Connect the DSL Cable
1) Connect the DSL cable (resembles a telephone cord) to the DSL port on the Router.
2) Plug the other end of the DSL cable into the phone jack.
3. Connect the Power
1) Connect the power adapter to the rear of the Router.
2) Plug the power adapter into the electrical wall outlet.
3) Flip the power switch to power on the Router.
4) Power on all connected computers.
4. Install USB Driver Software
1) Insert the USB driver CD-ROM into the CD-ROM drive of your computer.
2) When prompted, follow the on-screen instructions to complete the driver installation.
5. Check the LEDs
1) The DSL, USB, and Power LEDs should be lit.
You can now configure the TCP/IP settings as detailed in Chapter 3, Operating System Configuration.

USB Driver Installation (Macintosh Systems)
When using the USB installation method on a Macintosh, follow these steps to install the USB drivers:

1. Insert the SpeedStream Installation CD into your CD-Rom drive.
2.

Open the SpeedStream icon from the desktop.

3.

Click Readme.txt to open it.

4.

Follow the directions in the Readme.txt file.

You can now configure the TCP/IP settings as detailed in Chapter 3, Operating System Configuration.
.

8

Chapter 3

Operating System Configuration
This chapter explains how to configure your computer to work with the Router.
To access the Internet through the SpeedStream Router, the TCP/IP protocol must be installed on your
computer. If TCP/IP is not already installed on your computer, refer to your system documentation or
online help for instructions. Once installed, you should check the TCP/IP protocol settings to make sure
they are correct for use with the Router.
Once TCP/IP is installed and configured properly, the next step is to configure your computer to use the
Router for Internet access by configuring the Web browser to access the Internet via the LAN rather than
by a dial-up connection.

Check TCP/IP Protocol Settings
Because the Router uses the TCP/IP network protocol for all functions, it is essential that the TCP/IP
protocol be installed and configured properly.
The default network settings for the SpeedStream Router are:
IP Address:
Subnet Mask:

192.168.254.254
255.255.255.0

If using the default Router settings and the default Windows TCP/IP settings, you do not need to make
any changes.
By default, the Router will act as a DHCP server, automatically providing a suitable IP address and
related information to each computer when the computer boots up. For all non-server versions of
Windows, the TCP/IP setting defaults to act as a DHCP client.
The instructions to check TCP/IP protocol settings differ between operating system. Check the settings
using the instructions for your operating system:
o Windows 9x/ME
o Windows 2000
o Windows XP
o MAC OS 8.6 through 9.x
o MAC OSX

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4100/4200 Router User's Guide

Operating System Configuration

Checking TCP/IP Settings (Windows 9x/ME)
1. Select Start & gt; Control Panel & gt; Network. This displays the Configuration tab on the "Network"
window.

2. Select the TCP/IP protocol for your network card.
3. Click Properties. This displays the "TCP/IP Properties" window.

4. Click the IP Address tab.
5. Ensure that the Obtain an IP address automatically option is selected. This is the default Windows
settings.
6. Close this window.
7. Restart your computer to ensure it obtains an IP address from the Router.
8. Configure internet access using the procedure described in Internet Access Configuration.

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4100/4200 Router User's Guide

Operating System Configuration

Checking TCP/IP Settings (Windows 2000)
1. On the Windows taskbar click Start & gt; Settings & gt; Control Panel. This
displays the "Control Panel" window.
2. Double-click Network and Dial-up Connections. This displays the
"Network and Dial-up Connections" window.
3. Right-click Local Area Connection and select Properties. This
displays the "Local Area Connections Properties" window.
4. Select the TCP/IP protocol for your network card.
5. Click Properties. This displays the "Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
Properties" window.

6. Select the Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain DNS server address automatically
options. Exit back to the Control Panel.
7. Restart your computer to ensure it obtains an IP address from the Router.
8. Configure internet access using the procedure described in Internet Access Configuration.

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4100/4200 Router User's Guide

Operating System Configuration

Checking TCP/IP Settings (Windows XP)
1. On the Windows taskbar click Start & gt; Control Panel. This displays the
"Control Panel" window.
2.

Double-click the Network Connection icon. This displays the "Network
Connections" window.

3. Right-click Local Area Connection, then click Properties. This displays
the "Local Area Connection Properties" window.
4. Select the TCP/IP protocol for your network card.
5. Click Properties. This displays the "Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
Properties" window.

6. Ensure that Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain DNS server address automatically
are selected.
7. Exit back to the Control Panel.
8. Restart the computer to ensure it obtains an IP address from the Router.
9. Configure internet access using the procedure described in Internet Access Configuration.

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4100/4200 Router User's Guide

Operating System Configuration

Checking TCP/IP Settings (MAC OS 8.6 through 9.x)
1. Select Apple & gt; Control Panel & gt; TCP/IP. This displays the "TCP/IP" window.

2. Select one of the following from the Connect via drop-down menu.
o Ethernet or Ethernet built-in if connecting via Ethernet.
o Ethernet Adaptor [en0,en1,...] if connecting via USB.
3. Select Using DHCP Server from the Configure drop-down menu.
4. Close the "TCP/IP window" and click Save.
5. Reboot when configuration is saved. Once rebooted, the computer will pull an IP address from the
DHCP server on the Router.
6. Configure the Router using the procedure described in the next chapter.

13

4100/4200 Router User's Guide

Operating System Configuration

Checking TCP/IP Settings (MAC OSX)
1. Click Apple - & gt; System Preferences. This displays the "System Preferences" window.

2. Double-click the Network icon under the Internet & Network section. This displays the "Network"
window.

3. Select one of the following from the Show drop-down menu:
o Built-in Ethernet if connecting via Ethernet.
o Ethernet Adaptor [en0,en1,...] if connecting via USB.
4. Select Using DHCP Server from the Configure IPv4 drop-down menu.
5. Click Apply Now and quit window.
6. Configure the Router using the procedure described in the next chapter.

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Operating System Configuration

Internet Access Configuration
Windows users must configure their computers to use the Router for Internet access. Ensure that the
Router is installed correctly and the DSL line is functional. Then follow the appropriate procedure below to
configure your Web browser to access the Internet via the LAN, rather than by a dial-up connection.

For Windows 9x/2000
1. Select Start & gt; Settings & gt; Control Panel to display the Control Panel.
2. Double-click the Internet Options icon. This displays the "Internet Properties" window.
3. Click the Connections tab.
4. Click Setup.
5. Click I want to set up my Internet connection manually, or I want to connect through a local
area network (LAN), then click Next. This displays the "Internet Connection Wizard" window.
6. Click I connect through a local area network (LAN), then click Next. This displays the "Local Area
Network Internet Configuration" window.
7. Ensure all the boxes are deselected, then click Next. This displays the "Set Up your Internet Mail
Account" window.
8. Click No, then click Next. This displays the "Completing the Internet Connection Wizard" window.
9. Click Finish to close the Internet Connection Wizard. Setup is now complete.
10. Configure the Router using the procedure described in the next chapter.

For Windows XP
1. Select Start & gt; Control Panel.
2. Double-click the Internet Options icon. This displays the "Internet Options" window.
3. Click the Connections tab.
4. Click Setup. This starts the New Connection Wizard.
5. Click Next.
6. Select Connect to the Internet, then click Next.
7. Select Setup my connection manually, then click Next.
8. Select Connect using a broadband connection that is always on, then click Next.
9. Click Finish.
10. Configure the Router using the procedure described in the next chapter.

15

4

Chapter 4

SpeedStream Router Setup
This chapter provides details for the Router setup processes.

This chapter describes the steps to set up the SpeedStream Router configuration using the Router Setup
Wizard. Other configuration may also be required on the Router, depending on which features and
functions of the SpeedStream Router you wish to use. Use the table below to locate detailed instructions
for the required functions.
To do this:

Refer to:

Configure users on the Router.

Chapter 5, "Configuring User Profiles"

Configure ISP configuration parameters. This should only be
done when instructed by your ISP.

Chapter 6, "Configuring ISP
Connection Settings"

Configure network related information.

Chapter 7, "Configuring Network
Settings"

Add security to your network.

Chapter 8, "Configuring Security
Features"

Monitor the health of the Router.

Chapter 9, "Monitoring Router Health"

Before Configuring the Router
Before attempting to configure the Router, please ensure that:
o Your computer can establish a physical connection to the Router. The computer and the Router must
be directly connected using either the USB or Ethernet port on the Router.
o The SpeedStream Router is installed correctly and powered on.
o The TCP/IP protocol is installed on all computers on your network. (If you need to install TCP/IP, refer
to your system documentation or Windows Help.)
o The network settings on each computer are correctly configured.
From this point on, you will perform all configuration of the SpeedStream Router from your computer
using the Web browser-based setup program.

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SpeedStream Router Setup

Connecting to the Router
The SpeedStream Router contains an HTTP server that allows you to connect to the Router and
configure it from your Web browser (Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator, versions 5.0 or
later).
To establish a connection from your computer to the Router:
1. After installing the Router, start your computer. If your computer is already running, reboot it.
2. Open your Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator Web browser.
3. In the Address bar, enter the default router IP address: http://speedstream and press Enter. This
displays the "Gateway Administrator Setup" window.

The first time you connect to the Router via the Web browser, you must set up an administrator account
on the "Gateway Administrator Setup" window before you can proceed.
4. Specify a user name for the administrator. You may accept the default user name, admin, or enter a
new user name in User Name. The user name is case-sensitive.
5. Enter a password in New Password; then enter the same password in Confirm New Password. The
password field is case-sensitive.
6. Select a login security level from one of the following:
o Require admin login to access entire Web site
Before you can access any screen in the Web interface, you must log in with your network user
name and password. (Security level = High)
o Require admin login to access configuration pages
Before you can access any screen in the Web interface that allows you to make configuration
changes, you must log in with your network user name and password. (Security level = Medium)
o Do not require admin login:
After you log in for the first time, you will not be required to log in again at any screen. (Security
level = Low)
7. Click Save Settings. Depending on your connection(s), one of the following screens will display:
o If you have no Point-to-Point (PPP) connections configured, the System Summary screen is
displayed.
o If you have one Point-to-Point (PPP) connection configured, the PPP Login screen for that
connection is displayed. Refer to PPP Login for more details.

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SpeedStream Router Setup

o If you have multiple Point-to-Point (PPP) connections configured, the PPP Login [choose
connection] screen displays the available connections. Refer to Selecting PPP Connection for
more details.
Point-to-Point offers the Connect on Demand feature whereby the router will attempt to log on to a
disconnected PPP session if there is requested traffic from the LAN side, and if there is a saved user
name and password. This is especially useful with the Idle Timeout feature. Connect on Demand is
non-configurable, but is always enabled.
8. If you selected either option that requires admin login, you will be required to log in again before you
are permitted to perform any activity. When you select any menu option the following login window is
displayed.

9. Enter the user name and password you assigned to the administrator to perform the remaining
configuration activities.
10. Click OK. This displays the screen for the menu option you selected.
11. Refer to the following chapters for details on configuring and managing the SpeedStream Router.

Selecting PPP Connection
If you have configured multiple PPP (Point-to-Point) sessions on your computer, the "Login" window
showing the available PPP connections is displayed after you log on using the "Administrative User
Setup" window.

Click the connection you wish use.

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SpeedStream Router Setup

PPP Login
If you have configured only one PPP (Point-to-Point) session on your computer, the "Login" window for
that PPP connection is displayed after you log on using the "Administrative User Setup" window.

1. Front the PPP Login window, enter the Username and Password.
2. To save the settings so you won't be asked for the user name and password in the future, click Save
Settings on Connect.
3. To configure additional PPP options, click Show Options. This expands the window to show
configurable options for the PPP connection.

4. Specify any desired PPP options from the following:
o Access Concentrator
Enter the name of the access concentrator as provided by your ISP.
o Service Name
Enter the service name provided by your ISP.
o Auto-Connect on Disconnect
If selected, the Router will attempt to login every time the DSL trains if you selected Save
Settings on Connect.
o Idle Timeout (with time value)
Select to disconnect the PPP session if the router has had no traffic for a specified amount of time.
Enter the time in minutes. (This option cannot be used with Autoconnect.)

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SpeedStream Router Setup

Home Window
After initial startup, the "Home" window is displayed on startup.

In the left navigation pane of the "Home" window, there are configuration, diagnostic, status and statistic
options for the Router. The list of options displayed differs depending on how a user is logged into the
system. An administrator has full configuration rights (shown above) so will see a complete set of options,
while a user has limited configuration rights and will see the subset specified for that user profile.
Refer to the following chapters for information on how to use each of these options.
o Refer to Chapter 5, "Configuring User Profiles", for details on adding, modifying, or deleting user
profiles.
o Refer to Chapter 6, "Configuring ISP Connection Settings", for details on setting ISP configuration
parameters. This should only be done when instructed by your ISP.
o Refer to Chapter 7, "Configuring Network Settings", for details on configuring network related
information.
o Refer to Chapter 8, "Configuring Security Features", for details on adding security to your network.
o Refer to Chapter 9, "Monitoring Router Health", for details on viewing network statistics and
connection status.

20

Chapter 5

Configuring User Profiles

5

This chapter contains details for configuring users on the SpeedStream Router.
User profiles are used as a means for controlling Router and network access by individual users. Access
to the configuration and management of the Router should be restricted to authorized users only. This
chapter describes how to:
o Add user profiles
o Edit user profiles
o Delete User Profiles

Add User Profiles
To add a new user profile:
1. Select Setup & gt; User Profiles from the left navigation pane of the Web interface. This displays the
"Current Profiles" window. User profiles are added using a Wizard accessed from this window.

2. Optionally select the Force all users to be identified before surfing option.
3. Click New Profile. This displays the "Profile User Information" window.

4. Enter a Username for the user.
5. Optionally enter a Password for the user and Confirm it.

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6. Click Next. This displays the "Profile Content Filtering" window. Content filtering restricts access to
undesirable Web sites and Web content.

7. Select one of the following content filtering options:
o Disable all Content Filtering
User has access to all Internet content without restrictions.
o Allow access only to website addresses containing the following words
User has access only to the specified Web addresses or to addresses containing specified word
entries defined in the Website word/name table.
o Deny all access to website addresses containing the following words
User is denied access to all Web addresses specified as well as addresses that contain any words
specified in the Website word/name table.
8. If the Allow access only... or Deny all access... option is selected, type a word or Web address in
the box under the Website word/name table and click Add Entry. The system responds by adding the
word or Web address to the Website word/name table. This can be done multiple times to add
different entries to the table.
9. Note: The entries in the Website word/name table may be either modified or deleted at any time by
clicking either Edit or Delete next to the corresponding word or Web address.
10. Click Next. This displays the "Profile Configuration Access" window. Profile configuration access
defines the access permission for a user controlling what functions and features are available to that
user.

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Configuring Use Profiles

11. Optionally do one of the following:
o Click one or more of the available features permitting the user to access that feature. This places
a checkmark in the corresponding box. (Click again if you want to remove the checkmark and
deny access).
o Click All Items to select all features in the list.
o Click Reset to clear all selected items and deny the user access to those feature.
12. Click Next. This displays the "Profile Security Access" window.

13. Click one of the following:
o Require admin login to access configuration pages
User must login as admin to change the Router configuration. This is the recommended setting.
o Do not require admin login
User will be able to change the Router configuration without a password.
14. Click Next. This displays the "Constant Profile IP Address" window.

15. Optionally enter an IP Address to always be associated with this profile.
16. Click Next.
17. This completes the User Profile Wizard. Click Finish to close the Wizard and return to the "Current
Profiles" window.

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Configuring Use Profiles

Editing User Profiles
This section describes how to edit a user.
To edit a user:
1. Select Setup & gt; User Profiles from the left navigation pane of the Web interface. This displays the
"Current Profiles" window.

2. Click the name of the user you want to change. This displays the "Profile User Information" window.
Make any desired changes.
3. Click Next to get to the next window you want to change. Make any desired changes.
4. Click Finish at any time when you are done making changes.

Deleting User Profiles
This section describes how to delete a user.
To delete a user:
1. Select Setup & gt; User Profiles from the left navigation pane of the Web interface. This displays the
"Current Profiles" window.

2. Click the Delete button next to the name of the user you want to delete.

24

Chapter 6

Configuring ISP Connection Settings

6

This chapter describes how to set advanced ISP configuration settings. The options in this section should
only be configured with the help and guidance of your ISP. Incorrect changes to any of these options
could result in the failure of your Internet connection.
The ISP connection options are listed below.
WAN Interface

Wizard for configuring the WAN Interface. The information requested by the Wizard
should be supplied by the service provider.

Host

Configure the basic networking attributes of the Router (the host).

DHCP

Configure and control Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) and DNS
functionality.

Static Routes

Add and monitor static IP routes assigned by your ISP. The routing functionality of the
Router supports both Dynamic Routing and Static Routing. Static routing pertains to
those routes between network-connected hosts that do not change over time.

RFC2684

Configure WAN-side DHCP functionality for RFC2684 based connections.

WAN Interface
Connectivity to the Wide Area Network (WAN) is achieved by means of one or more Virtual Circuits (VC).
Virtual Circuits are configured using the WAN Interface Configuration Wizard. The information requested
by the Wizard should be supplied by the service provider.

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Configuring Network Settings

Host
Host configuration attributes identify the Router on the network and, optionally, specify a default
"gateway" to the Wide Area Network (WAN). Default values for many host IP address, netmask, default
router and host name are automatically generated for the SpeedStream Router and should not be
changed unless directed by your ISP. The ISP may ask you to change this information if, for example,
you are assigned a static IP address.
To specify host configuration settings:
1. Select Setup & gt; Host from the left navigation pane of the Web interface. This displays the "Host
Configuration" window.

2. Change settings as specified by your ISP.
3. Click Save Settings. This displays a confirmation screen displays notification that the new setting will
not take affect until you reboot the router. You may do so at this point or later.

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DHCP
DHCP, the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol, describes the means by which a system can connect to
a network and obtain the necessary information for communication upon that network. Do not change the
default DHCP Configuration settings unless directed by your ISP.
Note: All addresses must be entered as an Ipv4 subnet mask in dotted-decimal notation (for example,
255.255.255.0).
To configure the DHCP feature:
1. Select Setup & gt; DHCP from the left navigation pane of the Web interface. This displays the "DHCP
Configuration" window.

2. Select one of the following:
o Enable
The Router will operate as a DHCP server to handle DHCP requests received from connected
LAN-side hosts (DHCP clients). The DHCP server does not serve WAN-side DHCP clients.
The DHCP operating mode defaults to Enable, and the system auto-generates the current IP
address range, IP netmask, and default router. Do not change these default settings unless
directed by your ISP.
o Disable
Disables DHCP. If you are using a static IP address, you may need to disable DHCP and enter
different addresses in the text boxes.
o DHCP Relay
Instead of getting an IP address from the Router, the IP address is gotten from the computer as
defined in Relay IP. Used when DHCP information is received from a DHCP server on the WAN
side. DHCP requests are forwarded to the WAN side to Relay IP, and DHCP responses are
forwarded back to the LAN side.
3. In Start IP Range, enter the beginning IP address of the range of addresses from which the DHCP
server will lease to requesting DHCP clients.

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4. In End IP Range, enter the ending IP address of the range of addresses from which the DHCP server
will lease to requesting DHCP clients.
This range definition should consider the following address restrictions:
o The range of IP addresses may extend over only one IP subnet.
o The maximum size of the address pool that may be managed by the DHCP server is 64.
Therefore, the range of addresses must not exceed 64.
o The range of IP addresses should not include any IP address maintained internally by your
SpeedStream device for other purposes. This includes the device's LAN-side static IP address, as
well as the Default Router IP address, Primary or Secondary DNS IP addresses, and Primary or
Secondary Relay IP addresses.
o Commonly used non-Internet routed IP address ranges include:
10.0.0.0
172.16.0.0
192.168.0.0

- 10.255.255.255
- 172.31.255.255
- 192.168.255.255

5. In IP Netmask, enter the IP subnet mask that corresponds to the range of IP addresses defined
above.
6. In Default Gateway, do one of the following:
o Enter the IP address of a default gateway, or router, to be provided to DHCP clients.
o Click Self to specify that the SpeedStream Router is to be used as the default gateway.
7. In DNS Server (primary), do one of the following:
o Enter IP address of the primary Domain Name System (DNS) server to be provided to DHCP
clients. A DNS server may be used by clients to resolve domain names to IP addresses.
o Click Use WAN to specify that the address of the DNS server provided by your ISP is provided to
DHCP clients on the LAN.
8. In Domain Name, optionally enter the DNS domain name for the DHCP server resident on your
SpeedStream device. This value must be entered as an alpha-numeric string.
9. In Lease Time, do one of the following:
o Enter the period of time an IP addresses leased from the DHCP server is valid. At the end of the
lease period, the DHCP client will transmit a request to the server to extend the lease, at which
time the server will extend the lease period of the IP address assigned to the client. If the lease
period expires without the server receiving a request from the client to extend the lease, the server
will assume the client's connection no longer exists. The server will release the IP address
assigned to the client and return the address back to the pool of available addresses. (If you select
this option, you must specify a DNS Server.)
o Click Infinite Time:
Leaves the lease time open-ended, preventing the server from releasing the IP address.
10. Click Save Settings.

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Static Routes
The SpeedStream DSL Router directs data traffic by "learning" source and destination information, then
building a routing table. In some cases, network mappings cannot be learned because of incompatible
addressing schemes. Sometimes a different source and destination path may be desired over the learned
paths for example when your ISP assigns you a static route. In these situations, Static Routes can be
configured to map a desired pathway.
Use the static routes advanced option to configure static routes to remote equipment. Static routing
allows a pre-defined route to be set for the transmission of data. Static routes take precedence over all
dynamic routing options and also provide enhanced security over dynamic routing.
To configure a static route:
1. Select Setup & gt; Static Routes from the left navigation pane of the Web interface. This displays the
"Static Route Configuration" window.

2. Under Add Route, type the IP address of the destination device in the Destination box.
3. Type the net mask of the destination device in the Net Mask box.
4. Optionally, type the IP address where the data packets will be forwarded in the Next Hop box.
5. Select a connection type from the Interface drop-down menu. This is the interface that will forward
the packets.
6. Click Apply. The system responds by adding your new route to the routing table.
7. You can repeat this procedure for each static route you wish to add.

Note: To edit a static route, click the Edit column for the static route you want to edit.
Note: To delete a static route, click the Delete column for the static route you want to delete.

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RFC2684
The SpeedStream Router supports two basic types of connections: Point-to-Point (PPP) and RFC2684.
By default, RFC2684 connections rely on a server located on the Wide Area Network (WAN) to supply the
Router a dynamic IP address and other IP-based configuration parameters for the Router's WAN-side
interface. To accomplish this, the Router executes a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) client
associated with the WAN-side connection. This client, in turn, communicates with the DHCP server
located on the WAN.
Under some circumstances, this automated procedure may not be desirable or even possible. In such
situations, you will need to disable the DHCP client on the router and manually define the required IP
configuration parameters, as supplied by your service provider.
To configure RFC2684 functionality:
1. Select Setup & gt; RFC2684 from the left navigation pane of the Web interface. This displays the
"RFC2684 Configuration" window.

2. Select the connection you want to configure from the Connection drop-down menu.
3. Select one of the following from DHCP:
o Enabled
Enables the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for the selected connection.
o Disable
Disables the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for the selected connection.
4. In IP Address, enter the IP address to be used for the WAN-side of the Router, normally obtained
from a DHCP server located on the WAN.
5. In IP Netmask, enter the netmask corresponding to IP Address.
6. In Default Gateway, optionally enter the IP address of a router located on the WAN to be used as the
" gateway " to the WAN.
7. In DNS Server, optionally enter the IP address of a DNS server located on the WAN to be used to
resolve domain name/IP addresses.
8. Click Save.

30

Chapter 7

Configuring Network Settings

7

This section contains details for configuring network-related information. The network settings options are
listed below.
RIP

Activate and control RIP functionality. Using RIP, the Router is able to determine the
shortest distance between two points on the network based on the addresses of the
originating devices.

Port Forwarding

Control WAN-side access to LAN-side servers through private IP addressing.

UPnP

Configure and control UPnP interoperability and security.

Bridge Mode

Configure the Router as a true WAN/LAN bridge.

Server Ports

Specify server ports used by common applications such as HTTP (Web site traffic), FTP,
and Telnet.

Dynamic DNS

Set up Dynamic DNS. Dynamic DNS translates IP addresses into alphanumeric names.
For example, an IP address of 333.136.249.80 could be translated into siemens.com.

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RIP (Routing Information Protocol)
By default, the SpeedStream Router does not support routing protocols. However, support for the Routing
Information Protocol (RIP), versions 1, 2 or 1 and 2, can be activated. This support may be configured for
any WAN connection currently configured or for the LAN in general.
Using RIP, the Router is able to determine the shortest distance between two points on the network
based on the addresses of the originating devices. RIP is based on distance algorithms to calculate the
shortest path using information in the routing table. The shortest path is based on the number of hops
between two points.
To use the RIP option:
1. Select Setup & gt; RIP from the left navigation pane of the Web interface. This displays the "RIP
Configuration" window.

2. Select one of the following options from under the RIP Version heading next to the connection of
your choice:
o

1: Provides essential RIP packet formatting for routing information packets.

o

2: Provides enhanced packet formatting for routing information packets by providing the following:
IP address, subnet mask, next hop, and metric (shows how many routers the routing packet
crossed to its destination.

o

1 & 2: A combination of both types of RIP packets.

3. Select an Active Mode checkbox next to a corresponding connection to enable it.
4. Click Apply. This displays the "Your Settings Have Been Saved" window.
5. Optionally, click Reboot if you wish for the settings to immediately be implemented. The system
responds by restarting your Router.

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Port Forwarding
Port forwarding allows selected servers running on the LAN side of the router to be accessed from the
WAN side. Requests from the WAN to a configured TCP or UDP port will be forwarded to the selected IP
address on the LAN. NAPT functionality ensures that the LAN-side server is known to the WAN only
through the public IP address. The server's actual private IP address remains unknown to any WAN-side
hosts.
To configure port forwarding:
1. Select Setup & gt; Port Forwarding from the left navigation pane of the Web interface. This displays the
"Port Forwarding Configuration" window.

2. Under Add/Edit Entry, do one of the following:
o Select the service you want to configure from the Select service by name drop-down menu.
o Select the protocol you want to configure from the Select protocol drop down menu. This can be
TCP, UDP, ICMP, or GRE. If you select TCP or UDP you must also specify either a single port or
range of ports that apply.
3. Select one of the following:
o Redirect selected protocol/service to this router
Select this option if you want inbound traffic forwarded to the SpeedStream.
o Redirect selected protocol/service to IP address
Select this option if you want inbound traffic forwarded to a host located on the LAN. In this case,
you must specify the IP address of the host on which the server resides.
4. Click Apply.

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UPnP (Universal Plug and Play)
Microsoft UPnP allows the Router to communicate directly with certain Windows operating systems to
trade information about the special needs of certain applications (such as messaging programs and
interactive games) as well as provide information about other devices on the network, where applicable.
This communication between the operating system and Router greatly reduces the amount of manual
configuration required to use new applications and devices.
Only certain versions of Windows XP and computer support the UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) function.
Before configuring this option, you must ensure that the UPnP component is installed on your computer
and enabled.
To enable UPnP functionality:
1. Select Setup & gt; UPnP from the left navigation pane of the Web interface. This displays the "UPnP
Configuration" window.

2. Select one of the following control options.
o Disable UPnP
Prevents the Router from using the UPnP feature to communicate with other devices or your
operating system. Also may be disabled if your operating system does not support UPnP.
o Enable Discovery and Advertisement only (SSDP)
Sends information about new devices (hardware) detected only. No information concerning
software applications or services is transmitted.
o Enable full Internet Gateway Device (IGD) support
Allows the Router to communicate freely with computers on the network about new devices,
software applications, and services as needed to ensure they are working with minimal manual
configuration required.
3. Select one of the following options:
o Enable access logging
Generates a system log message whenever an UPnP client accesses the router.
o Read-only mode
Restricts the kind of access an UPnP client can have into the router. Only requests in the UPnP
protocol that query the status of the router are allowed. Any requests that could potentially modify
the router's behavior are blocked.
4. Click Apply to accept the settings. This displays the "UPnP Finish" window.

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Bridge Mode
The Router supports two fundamental modes of operation with respect to connectivity between the Local
Area Network (LAN) and the Wide Area Network (WAN): bridge/routing mode and bridge mode.
The default mode of operation is bridge/routing mode. With bridge/routing mode, the Router provides
typical routing functionality between the WAN side and the LAN side. However, all LAN-side interfaces
are " bridged. "
The second mode of operation provides only " bridging " functionality. This applies to both WAN-to-LAN
connectivity as well as to all LAN-side interfaces. Point-to-Point (PPP) connections are not available
under the bridge mode of operation.
Important! If you switch to Bridge mode, you will lose access to the Web management interface and can
only return to Router mode by resetting the Router to factory defaults.
To change to bridge mode:
1. Select Setup & gt; Bridge Mode from the left navigation pane of the Web interface. This displays the
"Change to Bridge Mode" window.

2. Click Apply.

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Server Ports
Common applications such as HTTP (Web site traffic), FTP, and Telnet use pre-defined incoming port
numbers for compatibility with other services. If you wish to change the ports used by these applications
you may do so using this option. This feature is recommended for use by advanced users only.
To configure the server port option:
1. Select Setup & gt; Server Ports from the left navigation pane of the Web interface. This displays the
"SpeedStream Gateway Server Ports" window.

2. Optionally, type a port number in the HTTP box. The default port for this field is 80.
3. Optionally, type a port number in the FTP box. The default port for this field is 21.
4. Optionally, type a port number in the Telnet box. The default port for this field is 23.
5. Click Apply. This displays the "Your settings have been saved" window.
6. Optionally, click Reboot if you wish for the settings to immediately be implemented. The system
responds by restarting your Router.

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Dynamic DNS
Use the dynamic DNS advanced option to set up Dynamic DNS. Dynamic DNS translates IP addresses
into alphanumeric names. For example, an IP address of 333.136.249.80 could be translated into
siemens.com. To use the DDNS service, you must register for the service. You can register from the
following web page: www.dydns.org/services/dydns.
Once registered, you must set up your DNS data on the Router. Once this is done, users can connect to
your servers (or DMZ computer) from the Internet using your Domain name. Refer to the section in this
document titled DMZ for more information on DMZs.
To set up Dynamic DNS on the Router:
1. Select Setup & gt; Dynamic DNS from the left navigation pane of the Web interface. This displays the
"Set Up Dynamic DNS" window.

2. Select the Enable option under Dynamic DNS Client.
3. Type the name provided to you by www.dydns.org in the Service Username box.
4. Type your www.dydns.org password in the Password box.
5. Type the domain or host name provided by www.dydns.org in the Host Name 1 box.
6. Optionally, if you have more than one domain or host name, type it in the Host Name 2 box.
7. Click Apply. The system responds by registering your domain or host name to www.dydns.org.

37

Chapter 8

Configuring Security Features

8

The Router provides broad security measures against unwanted users. Security also allows for the
configuration of the firewall, administrator password, (NAT) Network Address Translation, and DMZ
(Demilitarized Zone) configuration. The security options are listed below.
Admin User

Manage administrator login name and password.

Time Client

Configure network-based date and time functionality. An accurate date and time is of use
when logging system and firewall events, and is a requirement for some firewall
functionality (e.g., ICSA-compliant firewall operation).

NAT/NAPT

Configure and control IP addressing on the Local Area Network through either NAT or
NAPT.

Firewall

Configure and control the internal firewall. Many of these features require a thorough
understanding of networking principles and firewall operations. The firewall options are
listed below.

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Admin User
The Administrator profile controls the requirements for logging into the Web interface and accessing
configuration pages, as well as defining the administrator login name and password.
To configure administrator settings:
1. Select Setup & gt; Admin User from the left navigation pane of the Web interface. This displays the
"Gateway Administrator Setup" window.

2. Specify a user name for the administrator. You may accept the default user name, admin, or enter a
new user name in User Name. The user name is case-sensitive.
3. Enter a password in New Password; then enter the same password in Confirm New Password. The
password field is case-sensitive.
4. Select a login security level from one of the following:
o Require admin login to access entire Web site
Before you can access any screen in the Web interface, you must log in with your network user
name and password. (Security level = High)
o Require admin login to access configuration pages
Before you can access any screen in the Web interface that allows you to make configuration
changes, you must log in with your network user name and password. (Security level = Medium)
o Do not require admin login
After you log in for the first time, you will not be required to log in again at any screen. (Security
level = Low)
5. Click Save Settings.

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Time Client
An accurate log timestamp is one of the requirements of the ICSA Labs firewall criteria (ver 3.0a). In order
to maintain accurate timestamps in each log message, the firewall implements a Simple Network Time
Protocol (SNTP) client. This allows the system to automatically synchronize its date and time with
Coordinated Universal, the international time standard. The system date and time are set and corrected
automatically via the designated server(s).
To configure the time client:
1. Select Setup & gt; Time Client from the left navigation pane of the Web interface. This displays the "Time
Client Configuration" window.

2. Select Enable from Enable Time Client.
3. In Primary Server IP Address, enter the IP address of the primary server to use as the time server
(a "well-known" Network Time Protocol Server).
4. In Secondary Server IP Address enter the IP address of the secondary server to use as the time
server if the router does not receive a response from the primary server.
5. In Select Time Zone, enter the time zone in minutes from UTC.
6. Click Apply.

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NAT/NAPT Server
Hosts located on a Local Area Network (LAN) are often required to use private IP addresses as opposed
to public IP addresses. Private IP addresses, however, are not known on the public Wide Area Network
(WAN). In order to expose LAN-side hosts assigned private IP addresses to the public WAN, the Router
can be configured to use one of two methodologies: Network Address Translation (NAT) or Network
Address Port Translation (NAPT). NAT can expose a single LAN-side host to the WAN; NAPT can
expose multiple LAN-side hosts. NAT/NAPT functionality can be individually configured for each WAN
connection.
To configure NAT/NAPT functionality:
1. Select Setup & gt; NAT/NAPT from the left navigation pane of the Web interface. This displays the
"NAT/NAPT Configuration" window showing the WAN Interface connections.

2. Select one of the following for the desired connection:
o NAT & NAPT Disabled
Disable both NAT and NAPT in order to, for example, to set up static routes assigned by your ISP.
o NAT Only Enabled
Enable NAT and specify the destination IP address for incoming packets. Depending on your
configuration, NAT is sometimes enabled by default.
o NAPT Only Enabled
Use NAPT only to handle multiple addresses based on port forwarding rules.
o NAT & NAPT Enabled
Some service providers support a concurrent NAT/NAPT. Under this configuration, a single WAN
interface may support multiple NAT connections with each NAT connection again exposing a
single LAN-side host through a single WAN-side public IP address. Through either NAT or NAPT,
the Router ensures that the LAN-side host is known to the WAN side only through the public IP
address of the Router's WAN-side connection. The host's actual private IP address remains
unknown to any WAN-side hosts or servers.
3. Click Apply when you have finished configuring all desired connections.

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Firewall
A firewall is a system designed to prevent unauthorized access to or from a private network. The firewall
is designed to protect hosts located on the Local Area Network (LAN) from attacks initiated on the Wide
Area Network (WAN). Protection is not provided for attacks initiated from the LAN. Due to the nature of
firewall operations and the system resources required to service these operations, firewall operations may
degrade the performance of the Router - especially under heavy network traffic loads.
The firewall menu item accessible from the left navigation pane of the Web interface expands to provide a
list of options to be enabled or disabled as well as links to configure the more complex details of each
security feature.
Level

Set the firewall security level.

Snooze

Temporarily disable the firewall. It is important to note that when the firewall is snoozing
all protection provided by the firewall is disabled.

DMZ

Configure firewall DMZ for controlling a virtual DMZ on the Local Area Network. The
purpose of the DMZ is to redirect suspicious network traffic received from a public WAN
to a secured LAN-side host dedicated to this purpose.

Filter Rules

Add and delete custom inbound and outbound firewall rules.

Log

View log listing of firewall activity including records of denial of access, reason codes,
and descriptions.

ADS

Configure what events the internal Attack Detection System (ADS) will protect against
and log from a list of well-known attacks initiated on the Wide Area Network.

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Level
The firewall contained within the Router may be configured to operate in one of several modes, referred
to as levels. For ease of use, three generic levels are preconfigured - Low, Medium and High. A separate
level, ICSA 3.0a Compliant, is provided for those users who require compliance with the criteria set forth
by ICSA Labs for firewall behavior. (Please refer to Appendix D, "Firewall Security Levels," in the User
Guide on CD-ROM for a detailed description of these preconfigured levels.)
In addition to the preconfigured levels, a Custom level is provided for advanced users who require the
capability to define a unique custom set of firewall rules. To specify the firewall security level:
1. Select Setup & gt; Firewall & gt; Level from the left navigation pane of the Web interface. This displays the
"Firewall Level Configuration" window.

2. Select one of the following from the Select Firewall Level drop-down menu.
o Off
No restrictions are applied to either inbound or outbound traffic. In addition, Network Address Port
Translation (NAPT) functionality is disabled. Because there is no address/port translation when
the firewall is placed in this mode, all LAN-side connected hosts must be assigned a valid public
IP address.
o Low
Minimal restrictions with respect to outbound traffic. Outbound traffic is allowed for all supported
IP-based applications and Application Level Routers (ALGs). The only inbound traffic allowed is
traffic received within the context of an outbound session initiated on the local host.
o Medium
Moderate restrictions with respect to outbound traffic. Outbound traffic is allowed for most
supported IP-based applications and Application Level Routers (ALGs). The only inbound traffic
allowed is traffic received within the context of an outbound session initiated on the local host.
o High
High restrictions with respect to outbound traffic. Outbound traffic is allowed only for a very
restricted set of supported IP-based applications and ALGs. The only inbound traffic allowed is
traffic received within the context of an outbound session initiated on the local host and permitted
by this firewall mode.
o ICSA 3.0a-compliant
Supports the ICSA Labs criteria for firewall behavior. (For more information, visit the ICSA site at
http://www.icsalabs.com).
o Custom
Allows advanced users to add, modify, and delete their own firewall rules. If you select this option,
you must set customized rules for both inbound and outbound traffic using the IP Filtering option.
3. Click Apply.

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Snooze
The snooze feature allows you to temporarily disable the firewall for a set amount of time so outside
support personnel can access your Router or network or so you can run an application that conflicts with
the firewall. Note: Important! This function is recommended for use only when you require this special
level of unrestricted access as it leaves your Router and network exposed to the Internet with no firewall
protection.
To enable and configure snooze control:
1. Select Setup & gt; Firewall & gt; Snooze from the left navigation pane of the Web interface. This displays the
"Firewall Snooze Control" window.

2. Select one of the following:
o Disable Snooze
Disables all snooze control. In this mode, the firewall is not disabled.
o Enable Snooze, and set the Snooze time interval to
Enables snooze for a specified time period. Be sure to enter the number of minutes to define how
long the firewall should be disabled.
o Reset the Snooze time interval to
Reset the snooze control time period. Use this option if you need a time extension for an open
snooze session. Be sure to specify the additional amount of time (minutes) the firewall should be
disabled.
3. Click Apply.

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DMZ
The firewall supports virtual DMZ in single (LAN) port router models. Virtual DMZ redirects traffic to a
specified IP address rather than a physical port. Because this redirection is a logical application rather
than physical, it is called "virtual DMZ."
Using virtual DMZ, a single node on the LAN can be made "visible" to the WAN IP network. Any incoming
network traffic not handled by port forwarding rules is automatically forwarded to an enabled DMZ node.
Outbound traffic from the virtual DMZ node circumvents all firewall rules. The DMZ feature allows a
computer on your home network to circumvent the firewall and have direct access to the internet. This
feature is primarily used for gaming. Under this mode of operation all network traffic received from the
WAN that is not destined for a host specifically exposed through NAT or for a server exposed through
Port Forwarding will be redirected to the designated DMZ host. If the DMZ feature is enabled, you must
select the computer to be used as the DMZ computer/host.
This function is recommended for use only when you require this special level of unrestricted access as it
leaves your Router and network exposed to the Internet with no firewall protection. To enable and
configure the DMZ:
1. Select Setup & gt; Firewall & gt; DMZ from the left navigation pane of the Web interface. This displays the
"Firewall DMZ Configuration" window.

2. Select one of the following DMZ enable options:
o Disable DMZ
The firewall is not bypassed.
o Enable DMZ with this Host IP address
The firewall is bypassed through an IP address typed in the box next to this field.
o Enable DMZ with this Host IP address
The firewall is bypassed through an IP address that is selected from the Select Host drop-down
menu next to this field. Select the desired host from the drop-down menu.
3. Select one of the following time element options:
o Make Settings Permanent
DMZ settings are permanent unless changed by the administrator.
o Make Settings Last for
DMZ settings last for only the time (in minutes) entered in the box next to this option.
4. Click Apply.

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Filter Rules
If the firewall security level is set to Custom, this features allows you to specify a unique set of firewall
rules for handling inbound and outbound traffic customized to the user's specific requirements. In this
mode of operation the firewall provides an extensive amount of configurability. As such, only advanced
users should employ this feature.
Rules can be filter-based on any of the following:
o Source and destination router interfaces
o IP protocols
o Direction of traffic flow
o Source and destination network/host IP address
o Protocol-specific attributes such as ICMP message types
o Source and destination port ranges (for protocols that support them), and support for port comparison
operators such as less than, greater than, and equal to.
Rules can specifically allow or deny packets to flow through the router. Default actions taken when no
specific rule applies can also be configured.
To define inbound and outbound IP filter rules:
1. Select Setup & gt; Firewall & gt; Filter Rules from the left navigation pane of the Web interface. This displays
the "Firewall IP Filter Configuration Wizard" window.

2. Do one of the following:
o To add new IP filter rules as you define them, click Add New IP Filter Rule. This displays the
"Basic Rule Definition" window.
o To clone IP filter rules already defined, click Clone IP Filter Level. This displays the "Clone Rule
Definition" window. Once cloned, you can modify the existing rules.

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Creating Custom IP Filter Rules

To add a new rule:
1. Type up to a five digit numeric value in the Rule No box to uniquely identify the rule.
2. Select either Permit or Deny from the Access drop-down menu. Select Permit to allow the rule and
Deny to prohibit the rule.
3. Select either Inbound or Outbound from the Direction drop-down menu. Inbound refers to data
coming into the Router, while Outbound refers to data transmitted from the Router.
4. Optionally, select the Disable stateful inspection for packets matching this rule to prevent the
firewall from creating a stateful inspection session for packets matched on this rule.
5. Optionally, select the Create a log entry for packets matching this rule. When selected, an entry is
placed in the log file when packets match this rule.
6. Click Next. This displays the "Source & Destination Definition" window.

7. Under the Source heading, select a network connection from the Network Interface drop-down
menu.
8. Select one of the following options:
o Any IP Address
Select this option if this rule applies to any IP address from the source.
o This IP Address
Select this option if a rule applies to a specific IP address from the source.

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9. If you selected This IP Address, enter an IP address in the IP Address field. And do one of the
following:
o Enter a netmask in the Netmask field.
o Or, select or Host to use your Router netmask as the source netmask.
10. Under the Destination heading, select a network connection from the Network Interface drop-down
menu.
11. Select one of the following options:
o Any IP Address
Select this option if this rule applies to any IP address of the destination.
o This IP Address
Select this option if a rule applies to a specific IP address of the destination.
12. If you selected This IP Address, enter an IP address in the IP Address field. And do one of the
following:
o Enter a netmask in the Netmask field.
o Or, select or Host to use your Router netmask as the destination netmask.
13. Click Next. This displays the "Protocol Definition" window.

14. Do one of the following:
o Select one of the following protocol options from the Select by Name drop-down menu. This
defines the types of packets filtered.
-

Any Protocol

-

TCP (Transmission Control Protocol)
Provides reliable, sequenced, and unduplicated delivery of bytes to remote or local users.
Click Next to display the "TCP/UDP Options" window.

-

UDP (User Datagram Protocol)
Provides for the exchange of datagrams without acknowledgement or guaranteed delivery.
Click Next to display the "TCP/UDP Options" window.

-

ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol)
A mechanism that provides for peer communication. The most commonly used application for
this protocol is the PING command. Click Next to display the "ICMP Options" window.

-

GRE (Generic Routing Encapsulation):
A tunneling protocol that is used primarily for VPN (Virtual Private Networks).

o Type a protocol number in the Select by Number field.
15. Click Finish.

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TCP/UDP Options Window
The "TCP/UDP Options" window is displayed if you select TCP or UDP protocol from the "Protocol
Definition" window. If you selected either of these protocol types, you must identify the source and
destination ports.

1. Select one of the following options from the Source Port Operator drop-down menu and the
Destination Port Operator drop-down menu:
o an y
Any port is acceptable as the source/destination port.
o less than or equal to
A port less than or equal to the numeric value in the Port 1 field is acceptable as the
source/destination port. Be sure to provide a value in the Port 1 field.
o equal to
A port equal to the numeric value in the Port 1 field is acceptable as the source/destination port.
Be sure to provide a value in the Port 1 field.
o greater than or equal to
a port greater than or equal to the numeric value in the Port 1 field is acceptable as the
source/destination port. Be sure to provide a value in the Port 1 field.
o range
Any port between the value of the entry in the Port 1 field and the value in the Port 2 field is
acceptable as the source/destination port. Be sure to provide a value in the Port 1 and Port 2
fields.
2. Optionally, select the Check TCP syn packets checkbox if you wish this rule to prevent the blocking
of synchronization packets for pre-existing sessions.
3. Click Next.
4. Click Finish.

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ICMP Options Window
The "ICMP Options" window is displayed if you select ICMP protocol from the "Protocol Definition"
window.

1. Do one of the following:
o Select any of the ICMP options you wish to filter.
o Select the All Types checkbox to filter all options.
2. Click Next.
3. Click Finish.

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Clone IP Filter Rules
The "Clone Rule Definitions" window is displayed when you select Clone IP Filter Level from the
"Firewall IP Configuration Wizard" window. Using this option, you can clone either high or low level rules
and modify them according to your needs. If you choose to clone IP filter rules, the rules already defined
in the Rule Definition table are discarded.
To clone IP filter rules:
1. Click Clone IP Filter Level from the "Firewall IP Filter Configuration Wizard" window. This displays
the "Clone Rule Definition" window.

2. Select one of the following from the Select preconfigured firewall level for cloning drop-down
menu.
o Low
Clones low-level IP filter rules.
o Medium
Clones medium-level IP filter rules.
o High
Clones high-level IP filter rules.
3. Click Apply. This displays the "Firewall IP Filter Configuration Wizard" window with the selected rule
set showing in the Rule Definition table.
4. Disable or delete any rule as desired.

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Log
Firewall Logging displays attempts (both failures and successes) to access data through he firewall.
Firewall log entries are defined on the Firewall Settings Configuration screen found under the Security
menu.
To view the firewall log, select Setup & gt; Firewall & gt; Log from the left navigation pane of the Web interface.
This displays the "Firewall Log" window.

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ADS
The firewall provides an advanced Attack Detection System (ADS) that may be used to detect and
identify various types of attacks initiated on the Wide Area Network (WAN). The system has the capability
to detect such attacks the moment they start and to protect the Local Area Network (LAN) from such
attacks.
If the Attack Detection System is enabled, the SpeedStream Router provides protection against the most
common hacker attacks that attempt to access your computer/network from the Internet. Intrusion
attempts can also be logged to provide a record of attempts and their source (when available).
To enable and configure the attack detection feature:
1. Select Setup & gt; Firewall & gt; ADS from the left navigation pane of the Web interface. This displays the
"Firewall Attack Detection System" window.

2. Select Enable Attack Detection.
3. Select the Filter checkbox for each event in the list you want to filter or, if you want to filter all events,
select the Filter All checkbox. This provides maximum protection against malicious intrusion from
outside your network.
4. Select the Log checkbox for each event in the list you want to log or, if you want to log all events,
select the Log All checkbox. When logging is selected for a particular offending packet, the ADS will
write an entry to the firewall log once a minute for as long as the attack persists. This shows that a
long-term attack is taking place without completely filling up the firewall log with entries for every
single packet.
5. Click Apply.
Below is a description of each event that can be monitored.
o Same Source and Destination Address
An outside device can send a SYN (synchronize) packet to a host with the same source and
destination address (including port) causing the system to hang. When the receiving host tries to
respond to the source address in the packet, it ends up just sending it back to itself. This packet could
ping-pong back and forth over 200 times (consuming CPU resources) before being discarded.
o Broadcast Source Address
An outside device can send a ping to your Router broadcast address using a forged source address.
When your system responds to these pings, it is brought down by echo replies.

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o LAN Source Address on LAN
An outside device can send a forged source address in an incoming IP packet to block trace back.
o Invalid IP Packet Fragment
An outside device can send fragmented data packets that can bring down your system. IP packets can
be fairly large in size. If a link between two hosts transporting a packet can only handle smaller
packets, the large packet may be split (or fragmented) into smaller ones. When the packet fragments
get to the destination host, they must be reassembled into the original large packet like pieces of a
puzzle. A specially crafted invalid fragment can cause the host to crash
o TCP NULL
An outside device can send an IP packet with the protocol field set to TCP but with an all null TCP
header and data section. If your Router responds to this attack, it will bring down your system.
o TCP FIN
An outside device can send an attack using TCP FIN. This attack never allows a data packet to finish
transmitting and brings down your system.
o TCP XMAS
An outside device can send an attack using TCP packets with all the flags set. This causes your
system to slow to a halt.
o Fragmented TCP Packet
An outside device can send an attack using fragmented packets to allow an outside user Telnet
access to a device on your network.
o Fragmented TCP Header
An outside device can send an attack using TCP packets with only a header and no payload. When
numerous packets are sent through the Router in this manner, your system slows and halts.
o Fragmented UDP Header
An outside device can send an attack using fragmented UDP headers to bring down a device on your
network.
o Fragmented ICMP Header
An outside device can send an attack using fragmented ICMP headers to bring down a device on your
network.
o Inconsistent UDP/IP header lengths
An outside device can send an attack using inconsistent UDP/IP headers to bring down a device on
your network.
o Inconsistent IP header lengths
An outside device can send an attack using changes in the IP header to zero the fragment offset field.
This will be treated as a complete packet when received and cause your system to halt.

54

Chapter 9

Monitoring Router Health

9

This chapter describes how to monitor the health of the Router.
The Router health options listed below are used to gauge the Router's health.
Status and Statistics

View Internet, home networking, security statistics, system and firewall
log files.

Diagnostics

Run a diagnostic program against a selected connection on your Router.

Tools

Reset, reboot, or update firmware.

Status and Statistics
You can display statistics for the Internet, Home Networking, Security, and Logging.
System Summary

Basic descriptive information that identifies the router.

System Log

Displays a record of all system activity, including what actions were
performed, what packets were dropped and what packets were
forwarded.

ATM/AAL

Displays status information about the ATM connection.

DSL

Displays status information about the DSL connection.

Ethernet

Displays status information about the Ethernet connection.

USB

Displays status information about the USB connection.

Routes

Displays status information about the current routing table.

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System Summary
The "System Summary" window provides basic descriptive information that identifies the router, system
type, current software and firmware versions, the MAC address (unique device identifier), and the status
of currently configured connections.
Connection information includes the identification and current status of configured point-to-point (PPP)
and static connections. Select Status and Statistics & gt; System Summary from the left navigation pane of
the Web interface to view this information.

System Log
The "System Log" window displays a record of all system activity, including what actions were performed,
what packets were dropped and what packets were forwarded. This information allows you to make
informed decisions about the need to add new filter rules.
The System Log contains a maximum of 200 entries; each entry may contain a maximum of 200
characters. Select Status and Statistics & gt; System Log from the left navigation pane of the Web interface
to view the "System Log" window.

o To update the display, click Refresh.
o To clear the log, click Clear Log.
o To change the events displayed in the log, modify the Log Display Options, then click Apply.

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ATM Statistics
View status and statistical information for the
WAN-side Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM)
network connection. WAN-side connection to
the service provider is based on an
Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) network
connection. In addition, statistical information is
provided for each Virtual Circuit (VC)
configured under the ATM Adaptation Layer
(AAL).
Select Status and Statistics & gt; ATM/AAL from
the left navigation pane of the Web interface to
view ATM/AAL statistics. This window displays
ATM connection status, uptime, and
transmit/receive data, VPI/VCIs and related
data for each circuit
DSL Statistics
View status and statistical information for the
Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) when the
physical WAN-side connection to the service
provider is achieved through a DSL line.
Statistical information is accumulated over
periodic intervals and may be displayed for up
to a 24 hour period.
Select Status and Statistics & gt; DSL from the left
navigation pane of the Web interface to view
DSL statistics. This displays information about
the DSL connection.

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Ethernet Statistics
View status and statistical information for LAN-side
Ethernet connectivity.
Pay special attention to the status (up or down)
reported for each Ethernet port to verify that each
cable is connected properly and detected by the
Router.
Select Status and Statistics & gt; Ethernet from the
left navigation pane of the Web interface to view
Ethernet statistics.

USB Statistics
View status and statistical information for LAN-side USB
connectivity.
Pay special attention to the status (up or down) reported
for each USB port to verify that each cable is connected
properly and detected by the Router.
Select Status and Statistics & gt; USB from the left
navigation pane of the Web interface to view USP
statistics.

Routes
View all IP routes currently known by the Router.
Both static and dynamic routes are shown along
with their respective netmask, Router, and the
corresponding interface.
Select Status and Statistics & gt; Routes from the left
navigation pane of the Web interface to view the
current routing table, which contains the data
pertaining to all currently known static and dynamic
IP routes

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Diagnostics
The Router provides a considerable amount of diagnostic functionality for testing connectivity on both the
Local Area Network (LAN) and the Wide Area Network (WAN). This includes LAN-side connections within
the home and WAN-side connections to the carrier, service provider and Internet. WAN-side testing may
be performed for each of the WAN-side connections currently configured. This data is commonly
requested by technical support to assist in troubleshooting.
Note: This option may not be available on your Router configuration.
To run diagnostics:
1. Select Diagnostics from the left navigation pane of the Web interface. This displays "Diagnostics"
window.

2. Select the connection you want to test from the Connection to Test drop-down menu.
3. Click Run Diagnostics. The test results display under the Results column.
If one of the following failed, contact your Service Provider.
o Connections at the Carrier
o Independent Service Provider
o Internet Connectivity
4. If a test displays a FAIL status for any other reason then listed above, click Run Diagnostics again
to confirm the failure.
5. If the test still displays a FAIL status, check all connections and passwords; then click Run
Diagnostics again.
6. If the test still displays a FAIL status, contact your Service Provider for further assistance.

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Tools
This section describes how to use the tools listed below.
Interface Map

View a graphical representation of the current LAN and WAN
configurations.

Reboot

Reboot the Router.

Update

Update Router firmware.

Interface Map
Some Router configurations provide a graphical representation of the current LAN and WAN
configurations. This is particularly useful for Technical Support in verifying that correct protocol
encapsulations are assigned and Virtual Circuits (VCs) are mapped to the correct network interfaces.
Note: This option may not be available on your Router configuration.
To display the interface map, select Tools & gt; Interface Map from the left navigation pane of the Web
interface. This displays the "Interface Map" window.

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Reboot
You can reboot the Router using the Reboot option, or you can reset the Router to factory defaults using
the Reset option. Reboot should be used when the Router needs to be restarted without losing your
current configuration settings.
Note: This option may not be available on your Router configuration.
To reboot the Router, select Tools & gt; Reboot from the left navigation pane of the Web interface. This
displays "System Reboot" window.

The "System Reboot" window displays a countdown while processing. When the Router has finished
rebooting, the "System Summary" window is displayed.
Reset to system defaults:
Reset the Router to system defaults should be done when you find it necessary to recover the factory
default settings. This may be necessary when a custom configuration did not go as planned, when a new
configuration is desired, or when the Router does not appear to be working properly. Important: This
option resets all custom settings, users, and passwords on your Router.
Note: This option may not be available on your Router configuration.
To reset the Router:
1. Using the tip of a ballpoint pen or unfolded paperclip, press and hold the Reset button located on the
bottom of the router. The pwr LED will blink red once, indicating that the reset has begun.
2. Continue depressing the Reset button for four seconds or until the pwr LED begins to blink
alternating red-to-green.
3. Release the Reset button.
To cancel the reset:
Continue depressing the Reset button for longer than 10 seconds. The pwr LED will return to green, and
the action will be cancelled.

61

4100/4200 Router User's Guide

Monitoring Network Health

Update
This features updates the firmware of your Router through the Internet or from a device connected to your
Router.
Note: This option may not be available on your Router configuration.
To update the firmware:
1. Select Tools & gt; Update from the left navigation pane of the Web interface. This displays "System
Update" window.

2. Select one of the following:
o Remote
Checks the Internet for the appropriate upgrade file. This is the recommended method.
o Local
Download the firmware update file from a location on your network. Before doing this, you must
download the upgrade file to your computer.
Important: Do not turn off or interrupt the Router during a firmware upgrade session. The Router could be
rendered inoperable!

62

A

Appendix A

Troubleshooting
Connection problems usually occur when the router's software configuration contains incomplete or
incorrect information. The router's diagnostic tools can help you identify and solve many of these
problems.

Basic Troubleshooting Steps
Before contacting Technical Support, you should attempt to resolve the issue by following these steps:
1. Check the LEDs on the front panel to diagnose the possible problem.
2. Check specific issues addressed in this chapter, and follow the instructions for resolving the problem.
3. Reboot the router. Any settings you have configured will be saved.
4. Reset the router only as a last resort. You will lose any settings you have configured.

63

4100/4200 Router User's Guide

Troubleshooting

Interpreting the LED Display
The LED indicators on the front of the router give you a visual clue to the router activity. When the router
is configured and working correctly, all LED indicator lights briefly turn a solid green. The following table
shows the possible states indicated by the LEDs. If the LEDs indicate a problem, refer to "Resolving
Specific Issues" later in this chapter.
LED

pwr

dsl

USB

enet*

Off

No power to
router

- No power to router
- DSL signal not
detected

- No power to
router
- No USB device
connected
- USB driver not
installed or
installed
incorrectly

- No power to
router
- No Ethernet
device connected
- Wrong Ethernet
cable used
(cross- over
instead of
straight-through)

Green

Normal system
operation

Connected and ready for
data traffic

Normal USB
operation, link okay,
no user traffic

Normal Ethernet
operation, link okay,
no user traffic

Blinking
Green

N/A

- Steady blinking:
DSL attempting to
connect
- Sporadic blinking:
DSL connected and
user traffic flowing

USB user traffic
flowing in either
direction

Ethernet user traffic
flowing in either
direction

Blinking
Red/
Green

Flash Write in
progress

N/A

N/A

N/A

Red

- POST tests in
progress (first
30 sec. after
powering on or
rebooting)
- POST error
occurred

N/A

N/A

N/A

64

4100/4200 Router User's Guide

Troubleshooting

Resolving Specific Issues
pwr LED Not Lit
If the pwr (power) LED is not lit, it is not connecting to the power source. Verify that the power cord is
firmly plugged into the back panel of the router and that the other end is plugged into an active AC wall or
power-strip outlet.
dsl LED Not Lit
If the DSL LED is not lit, it is not detecting a valid signal from the Central Office (CO). Verify that the DSL
cable is plugged into the correct router port and the router power cord is plugged into the electrical outlet.
If the cables are secure, you should contact your Service Provider.
enet LED Not Lit
This indicates that there is no Ethernet link detected. If you are using the Ethernet connection method,
check the Ethernet cable connection from the computer to the router. If you have used the wrong cable,
the LED on the Ethernet (NIC) card in your computer will not be lit either.
USB LED Not Lit
This indicates that there is no USB link detected. If you are using the USB installation method, check the
USB cable connection from the computer to the router.
Login Password Error
If after being prompted for the login password, you receive the error message: Login Password is
invalid:
o Retype the password, and then click Save Settings.
o If you forget your password, you must reset the router.
Note: The password is case-sensitive. Be sure that you have not accidentally activated the Caps key.

POST Failure (red pwr LED)
POST is the router's "power-on self-test." When you power on or reboot the router, the pwr LED goes to a
solid red until one of two things occurs: it either fails its initial POST tests, or it comes fully up and is ready
to run.
o If POST passes, the router continues through the rest of its initialization, and the pwr LED changes to
solid green.
o If the initial POST diagnostic tests fail, the pwr LED will remain red, indicating a POST failure, and will
lock the router. You will need to contact Efficient Networks Technical Support to resolve this issue.

65

4100/4200 Router User's Guide

Troubleshooting

Contacting Technical Support
If you still cannot resolve the issue after following the recommended troubleshooting procedures, contact
Efficient Networks Technical Support.
Telephone:
Fax:

(972) 852-1000

(972) 852-1001

Email: usa.800siemens@icn.siemens.com
Internet:

http://www.icn.siemens.com/subscriber

66

B

Appendix B

Firewall Security Levels

The following table shows the security of each mode of the firewall for specific applications and protocols.
Note: All applications and protocols are conditionally allowed IN if the outbound session was initiated
locally and allowed OUT.
Security
Application/
Protocol

High
In

Medium
Out

In

In

NAPT Off

Low

Out

Out

ICSACompliant

In

In

Out

Abuse.Net

?

?

?

Age of Empires

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

Out

?

AOL

?

AOL IM
Asherons Call

?

?

?

Baldur's Gate II

?

?

?

BattleNet

?

?

?

Buddy Telephone

?

?

?

Bungie.Net

?

?

?

Calista IP Telephone

?

?

?

Counterstrike

?

?

?

?

?

CUSeeMe
Delta Force

?

?

?

Descent II/III

?

?

?

Diablo

?

?

?

Diablo 2

?

?

?

Dialpad

?

?

?

DirectPlay

?

?

?

?

?

?

Doom

?

?

?

Dune 2000

?

?

?

EverQuest

?

?

?

FTP

?

?

?

?

?

DNS

?

GNUtella

67

?

?

4100/4200 Router User's Guide

Firewall Security Levels

Security
Application/
Protocol

High
In

Medium
Out

In

In

NAPT Off

Low

Out

Out

ICSACompliant

In

In

Out

?

H.323

Out

?

Half Life

?

?

?

Heretic II

?

?

?

Hexen II

?

?

?

HTTP

?

?

?

?

?

HTTPS

?

?

?

?

?

ICMP

?

?

?

?

ICQ 2000

?

?

ICU II

?

?

IGMP

?

?

?

IPSec multi-session

?

?

?

IPSec single-session

?

?

?

?

?

IRC
Kali

?

?

?

L2TP

?

?

?

MechWarrior 4

?

?

?

Mplayer

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

MS Netmeeting
?

MSN Gaming Zone
MSN Messenger

?

Myth
Napster
Need for Speed

?

?

?

Net2telephone

?

?

?

Netshow Client

?

?

NNTP

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

NTP
PCAnywhere
Ping
POP3

?

68

?

4100/4200 Router User's Guide

Firewall Security Levels

Security
Application/
Protocol

High
In

Medium
Out

In

In

NAPT Off

Low

Out

Out

ICSACompliant

In

In

Out

PPPoE

?

?

?

PPTP multi-session

?

?

?

PPTP single-session

?

?

?

Quake Arena

?

?

?

Quake II

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

Out

?

Quicktime 4

?

Rainbow Six
Real Audio

?

?

?

?

Real Video

?

?

?

?

Red Alert II

?

?

?

Rogue Spear

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

RTSP

?

SIP
SMTP

?

?

?

Soldier of Fortune

?

?

?

SSH

?

?

?

Starcraft

?

?

?

?

?

?

T.120
Telnet

?

?

?

Tiberian Sun

?

?

?

?

?

?

Ultima Online

?

?

?

Unreal Tournament

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

XDM

?

?

Yahoo Messenger

?

?

Traceroute

?

VNC
Warcraft
Windows Media Player

?

69

?

4100/4200 Router User's Guide

Siemens Subscriber Networks
4849 Alpha Road
Dallas, TX 75244 USA
(972) 852-1000 Tel
(972) 852-1001 Fax

usa.800siemens@icn.siemens.com
http://www.icn.siemens.com/subscriber

70


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